ʻAmelika, Kanada- cTUVus&ETL

ʻO ka wehewehe pōkole:


Aʻo Papahana

▍He aha ka cTUVus & ETL CERTIFICATION?

ʻO OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration), pili i ka US DOL (Department of Labor), koi i nā huahana a pau e hoʻohana ʻia ma kahi hana pono e hoʻāʻo a hōʻoia ʻia e NRTL ma mua o ke kūʻai ʻia ʻana ma ka mākeke.ʻO nā kūlana hoʻāʻo kūpono e pili ana i nā maʻamau American National Standards Institute (ANSI);Nā kūlana o ka American Society for Testing Material (ASTM), nā kūlana Underwriter Laboratory (UL), a me nā kūlana o ka hui ʻana o ka hale hana.

▍OSHA, NRTL, cTUVus, ETL a me UL wehewehe a me ka pilina

OSHA:ʻO ka pōkole o ka mālama ʻana i ka palekana a me ka mālama ola kino.He hui ia o US DOL (Department of Labor).

NRTLHoʻokolo ʻia o ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻike ʻia o ka lāhui.ʻO ia ke kuleana o ka ʻae ʻana o ka lab.Aia a hiki i kēia manawa, aia he 18 mau keʻena hoʻāʻo ʻaoʻao ʻekolu i ʻae ʻia e NRTL, me TUV, ITS, MET a pēlā aku.

cTUVusHōʻailona hōʻoia o TUVRh ma ʻAmelika ʻĀkau.

ETLʻO ka pōkole o ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike Uila ʻAmelika.Ua hoʻokumu ʻia i ka makahiki 1896 e Albert Einstein, ka mea hana ʻAmelika.

ULʻO ka pōkole o Underwriter Laboratories Inc.

▍ ʻOkoʻa ma waena o cTUVus, ETL & UL

'ikamu UL cTUVus ETL
Hoʻohana maʻamau

Ua like

Pono ke kula no ka loaa palapala

NRTL (Lahui i ʻae ʻia e ka lāhui)

Makeke noi

ʻAmelika ʻĀkau (US a me Kanada)

ʻOihana hoʻāʻo a hōʻoia Hana ʻo Underwriter Laboratory (China) Inc i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana a hoʻopuka i ka leka hoʻopau papahana Hana ʻo MCM i ka hoʻāʻo a me ka palapala hoʻopuka TUV Hana ʻo MCM i ka hoʻāʻo a me ka palapala hoʻopuka TUV
Ka manawa o waena o ka hoʻomaka a i ka wā pau 5-12W 2-3W 2-3W
Uku noi Kiʻekiʻe ma ka hoa Ma kahi o 50 ~ 60% o ke kumukūʻai UL Ma kahi o 60 ~ 70% o ke kumukūʻai UL
Pōmaikaʻi He hui kūloko ʻAmelika me ka ʻike maikaʻi ʻia ma US a me Kanada Loaʻa i kahi hui International ka mana a hāʻawi i ke kumukūʻai kūpono, e ʻike ʻia e ʻAmelika ʻAmelika He hui ʻAmelika me ka ʻike maikaʻi ʻia ma ʻAmelika ʻĀkau
Ka pōʻino
  1. ʻO ke kumukūʻai kiʻekiʻe loa no ka hoʻāʻo ʻana, ka nānā ʻana o ka hale hana a me ka waiho ʻana
  2. ʻO ka manawa alakaʻi lōʻihi loa
ʻOi aku ka liʻiliʻi o ka hōʻailona ma mua o ka UL ʻOi aku ka liʻiliʻi o ka ʻike ma mua o ka UL i ka hōʻoia ʻana o ka ʻāpana huahana

▍ No ke aha MCM?

● Kākoʻo palupalu mai ka hōʻoia a me ka ʻenehana:Ma ke ʻano he keʻena hoʻāʻo hōʻike o TUVRH a me ITS ma North American Certification, hiki iā MCM ke hana i nā ʻano hoʻokolohua āpau a hāʻawi i ka lawelawe ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi ma o ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka ʻenehana he alo a he alo.

● Kākoʻo paʻakikī mai ka ʻenehana:Hoʻolako ʻia ʻo MCM me nā mea hoʻāʻo a pau no nā pākaukau o nā papahana nui, liʻiliʻi a pololei (ʻo ia hoʻi ke kaʻa uila uila, ka ikehu mālama, a me nā huahana uila uila), hiki ke hāʻawi i nā lawelawe hoʻāʻo a me nā lawelawe hōʻoia ma ʻAmelika ʻĀkau, e uhi ana i nā kūlana. UL2580, UL1973, UL2271, UL1642, UL2054 a pēlā aku.


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